“Treasury of David” was written by Charles Haddon Spurgeon during the 19th century. I have re-written it in a way that makes more sense to people living in the 21st Century.

PSALM 93

The Lord is king! He is robed in majesty.
Indeed, the Lord is robed in majesty and armed with strength.
The world stands firm and cannot be shaken.

Your throne, O Lord, has stood from time immemorial.
You yourself are from the everlasting past.

The floods have risen up, O Lord.
The floods have roared like thunder;
the floods have lifted their pounding waves.

But mightier than the violent raging of the seas,
mightier than the breakers on the shore—
the Lord above is mightier than these!

Your royal laws cannot be changed.
Your reign, O Lord, is holy forever and ever.

 

 

 

EXPOSITION

 

Verse 1. The LORD is king! He is robed in majesty. Indeed, the LORD is robed in majesty and armed with strength. The world stands firm and cannot be shaken. It is pointless to try stop of destroy God, his throne is unmoved; he has been King, he is King, and will be King for ever and ever. Whatever chaos and rebellion on earth there may be, the King who is forever sits above all; and everywhere he is really Master, I don’t care if God’s enemies rage and fight and give him the middle finger – this means nothing. All things are ordered according to his eternal purposes, and his will is done – always. In the verse here before us it would seem as if the Lord had for a while appeared to leave the throne, but suddenly he puts on his royal clothes and walks up his high and mighty seat, while his happy people proclaim him with new joy, shouting “The Lord is King! What can give greater joy to a loyal servant than the sight of the king in his beauty? Jesus is oh too beautiful and he is King and when we see him as King we shout for joy. Let us repeat the words, “the Lord is King,” whispering it in the ears of the sad and oppressed, and publishing it in the face of the enemy. He is clothed with majesty. Not with signs of majesty, but with majesty itself: everything which surrounds him is majestic. His is not the “look like” but the reality of sovereignty. He does not have the appearance of being King – he is the King. In nature, providence, and salvation the Lord is infinite in majesty. Happy are the people among whom the Lord appears in all the glory of his grace, conquering their enemies, and subduing all things unto himself; then we will see that is clothed with majesty.

The LORD is clothed with strength. His clothes of glory are not his only display; he wears strength also as his belt and robe. He is always strong, but sometimes he shows his power in a special way, and may therefore be said to be clothed with it; just as he is always majestic, but yet there are seasons when he reveals his glory, and so wears his majesty, or shows himself in it. May the Lord appear in his church, in our day in manifest majesty and might, saving sinners, slaying errors, and honoring his own name. Oh for a day of the Son of man, in which the King Immortal and Almighty shall stand upon his glorious high throne, to be feared in the great congregation, and admired by all them that believe. As men hold up their robes when they run or work, so the Lord appears in the eyes of his people to be preparing for action. Strength is always with the Lord Jehovah, but he hides his power full often, until, in answer to his children’s cries, he puts on strength, goes up the throne, and defends his own. It should be a constant idea in prayer that in our day the reign of the Lord may be seen by all. And his power displayed in his church and for her. “Your kingdom come” should be our daily prayer: that the Lord Jesus does actually reign should be our daily praise.

The world also is established and it cannot be moved. Because Jehovah the Lord reigns, the land for a while is stable. We could not be sure of anything if we were not sure that he has rule over this earth. When he withdraws his manifest presence from among humans all things are out of order; blasphemers rave, persecutors rage, the profane grow bold, and the licentious increase in evil; but when the divine power and glory are again shown order is restored, and the poor distracted world is at peace again. There is stability in this world and in the Church because God has given it to the earth. It is only the Lord’s doings, and he is to be crowned for it. Atheism is the mother of anarchy; the reigning power of God exhibited in true religion is the only security for the human beings. A belief in God is the foundation and cornerstone of a well ordered state.

 

Verse 2. Your throne, O Lord, has stood from time immemorial. You yourself are from the everlasting past. Even if it looks like Gods rule as King has only started now, his rule did not just start. In the most ancient times Gods rule was secure, but before time was his throne was set up? The answer is yes. Gods rule and reign has been from before there was time itself. We often hear of ancient dynasties, but what are they when compared with the Lord? Are they not as the bubble on the waters of the sea, born an instant ago and gone as soon as seen? Lord you are from everlasting. The Lord himself is eternal – God has no beginning and no end. Let the believer rejoice that the government under which they do their work has an immortal ruler at its head. This ruler is Jesus who has existed from all eternity and will flourish when all created things have passed away. Behind all our failing governments and organizations is one person who holds up it all – the person of Christ – the second person of the Trinity. One God who is one community. Proud are the rebellions of humans, the kingdom of God is not shaken.

 

Verse 3. The floods have risen up, O Lord. The floods have roared like thunder; the floods have lifted their pounding waves. People have raged like angry waves of the sea, but useless has been their anger. See that the writer of this turns to the Lord when he sees the waves foam, and hears the sea roar; he does not waste his breath by talking to the waves, or to violent men; but like Hezekiah he spreads the words of the wicked before the Lord. The floods have risen up… the flood have roared. This repetition is needed for the both the poetry and the music, but they also suggest the frequency and the violence of wicked – their attacks upon the government of God, and the repeated defeats which they sustain. Sometimes men are furious in words – they lift up their voice, and at other times they rise to acts of violence – they lift up their waves; but the Lord has control over them in either case. The ungodly are all foam and fury, noise and empty sounds, during their little hour, and then the tide turns or the storm is hushed, and we hear no more of them; while the kingdom of the everlasting Savior Lord of heaven continues in the wonder of its power.

 

Verse 4. But mightier than the violent raging of the seas, mightier than the breakers on the shore – the Lord above is mightier than these! The biggest forces against God is to God a small sound that he can easily handle, therefore he calls it a noise. When people join arms to overthrow the kingdom of Jesus, plot secretly, and again and again rage openly, the Lord thinks no more of it than of so much noise upon the sea beach. Jehovah, the self-existent and omnipotent, does not for the opposition of dying men, however many or mighty they may be.

“Loud the stormy clouds spoke,
Loud the cloud raised their cry;
Fierce the stormy clouds broke,
Sounding to the bright sky.
Strong the waves reaching high,
Stronger is the Lord’s might.
True are his words and is his temple bright.”

Big are the mighty waves of the sea. When the storm raises Atlantic winds, and drives them on with terrific force, the Lord is still able to hold them back, and so also when arrogant people, full of rage the Lord rise up against him. He is easily able to hold them back. King Jesus is able to overrule their evil. Kings or mobs, emperors or savages, all are in the Lord’s hands, and he can stop them touching a hair on the heads of his saints – the Church.

 

Verse 5. Your royal laws cannot be changed. Your reign, O Lord, is holy forever and ever. As in sovereignty the throne of God is fixed beyond all risk, so in revelation his truth is beyond all questions. Other teachings are uncertain, but the revelations of heaven are perfect in every way. As the rocks remain unmoved amid the storms of the sea, so does divine truth stop all the currents of human opinion and the storms of human controversy; they are not only sure, but very sure. Glory be to God, we have not been lied to made up idea: our faith is grounded upon the eternal truth of the Most High. Holiness is found in the house of God – forever. Truth does not change in its doctrines, which are very sure; neither does holiness change in its ideas, which are not corruptible. The teaching and the character of God are both unchangeable. God has not allowed evil to live with him, he will not tolerate it in his house, he is eternally its enemy, and is forever the close friend of holiness and truth. The church must also stay unchanged, and forever be holiness unto the Lord. We must stay unchanged in our beliefs of God, of our mission and of sin. Yes we must change how we communicate his unchanging word to every generation – but the doctrine, the theology that we teach does not and must not ever change. The God of Abraham is the God of Isaiah is the God of Malachi is the God of John is the God of Lydia is the God of Augustine is the God of Patrick is the God of John Huss is the God of Count Zin Zin Dorf is the God of Lloyd Jones and is the God of Lecrae and Beth Moore (along with many other women and children and men). The Churches King will keep her undefiled by the enemies dirty foot. Set apart to the Lord is the real Church of Jesus Christ, and so will she be kept evermore. “the Lord reigns,” is the first word and the main idea of the psalm, and holiness is the final result; a right praise for the great King will lead us to take on actions that are right for his royal presence. Divine sovereignty both confirms the promises as certain, and enforces the laws. The whole psalm is most impressive, and is calculated to comfort the distressed, strengthen the weak, and help the faithful. O Lord – you are such a gracious King and you reign over us forever! We do not desire to question or stop your power; your character is such that we rejoice to see you use the rights of an absolute King. All power is in your hands, and we rejoice to have it so. Hosanna! Hosanna!

PSALM 150

Praise the Lord!

Praise God in his sanctuary;
praise him in his mighty heaven!
Praise him for his mighty works;
praise his unequaled greatness!
Praise him with a blast of the ram’s horn;
praise him with the lyre and harp!
Praise him with the tambourine and dancing;
praise him with strings and flutes!
Praise him with a clash of cymbals;
praise him with loud clanging cymbals.
Let everything that breathes sing praises to the Lord!

Praise the Lord!

 

 

 

EXPOSITION

 

The word, “praise” means to –  lift-up, honor, glorify, worship, commend. In Psalm 150 the praise is for God.

 

Verse 1. 1 Praise the LORD! Praise God in his sanctuary; praise him in his mighty heaven! This call to praise the Lord is for all things on earth or in heaven. All things should lift up the name of the Lord – speaking out the glory of him for whose glory they are, and were created? The LORD, the one God, should be the one object of worship – why? He is worthy of all worship. He does not need it. The LORD is so glorious that when we see the LORD we worship – automatically. To give the smallest honour due to Jesus to another is shameful treason; to say, “no” to the worship of the LORD is heartless robbery. Praise God in his sanctuary. Praise El, or the strong one, in his holy place. In his church below (here on earth) and in his courts above should be the praise of the LORD. In the person of Jesus God finds a holy dwelling or sanctuary, and there he is greatly to be praised. He may also be said to be in holiness, for all his ways are right and good; for this we should honour him with heart and with voice. Whenever we gather together as the church gathered our main work should be to present praises unto the Lord our God. Praise him in the fullness of his power. It is a good thing that in our God holiness and power are united. Power without righteousness would be oppression, and righteousness without power would be too weak; but put the two together in an infinite degree and we have God. Let it all be filled with praise. Let the heavens and the earth, so great and strong, echo with the praise of the holy Lord.

Verse 2. Praise him for his mighty works; praise his unequaled greatness! Here is a reason to sing to God, a reason for praise. In these acts of power, we see himself. These works of his power are always on done for truth and righteousness. His works of creation, care, and redemption, all call for praise; they are his acts, and his acts of might, and so he can be praised for them. Praise him because of his greatness. God is unlimited, and his praise should be unlimited. He has a lot of greatness, and so he should be greatly praised. There is nothing little (small) about God, and there is nothing that we can compare to his greatness. God’s excellent works should have excellent praise.

Verse 3. Praise him with a blast of the ram’s horn; praise him with the lyre and harp. With the loudest, clearest note call people together. Make all men know that we are not scared to worship. Call together people with the unmistakable sound to bow before their God. The sound of trumpet is linked with the greatest and most holy events, such as the giving of the law, the declaring of jubilee, the crowning of Jewish kings, and the waging of war. Note here that our war is the war of love. Our war is to die – so people may know the truth of Jesus. The calling of the ram’s horn is even linked to the coming of our Lord in his second coming when he comes to raise the dead, save those waiting for him and judge (more on this another time). If we cannot play a ram’s horn ourselves, then let our praise be as bold and clear as if we were giving a blast from the ram’s horn. Let us never sound a trumpet before us to our own honour, but reserve all our trumpeting for God’s glory. When the people have been gathered by blast of trumpet, then proceed to praise him with the stringed instruments. Stringed instruments are to be used as well as those which make a sound by wind. The gospel meaning is that different people from all nations and different types of people with different skills are welcome to praise the Lord—all sorts of persons, under all circumstances, should do honour unto the Lord of all.

Verse 4. Praise him with the tambourine and dancing; praise him with strings and flutes! This kind of worship is linked with God’s saving of his people out of Egypt and across the Red Sea, this kind of movement was a happy kind of worship. The hands and the feet were both used, and the whole body moved together. Are there not periods of life when we feel so glad that we would want to dance for joy? May we not use this kind of worship on small things, but let the name of God stir us to ecstasy. Let us praise as we cry, “you are the highest, you are the greatest, you are the Lord of all.”

There is more than enough in our perfect faith to create the greatest level of delight. If we are dull in the worship of the Lord our God, we are not acting in line with our wonderful faith. Praise him with stringed instruments and flutes. Here we have instruments which are struck and blown. Nothing is common and unclean: everything can be used for the highest purpose – the praising of the Lord God of Israel. Many people, many minds, and these as different as strings and flutes; but there is only one God, and that one God all should worship. I am sure that there are many pastors who have poured out gracious counsel, and so have magnified their God. I am sure that there are many teachers in schools who have poured out gracious work, and so have magnified their God. I am sure there are many people working in different kinds of jobs that have poured out their lives in worship to their master.

Verse 5. Praise him with a clash of cymbals; praise him with loud clanging cymbals. Let the clash of the loudest music be the Lord’s: let the joyful clang of the loftiest notes be all for him. Praise has played the lyre, swept the harp, and sounded the trumpet, and now for a last blast of praise, awakening the heaviest sleepers and startling people who look on at the perfect faith of the messiah and are not moved. We bash together the cymbals made from brass, and with sounds both loud and high proclaim the glories of the Lord.

Verse 6. Let everything that breathes sing praises to the LORD! Praise the LORD. “Let all breath praise him.” By this the writer thought about all living beings. Whatever or whoever has breath, let them breathe his praise. May dogs and cats and rats praise the Lord. May cows and crows and critters praise the Lord. May boys and girls and old people who find it hard to walk praise the Lord. His name in the Hebrew language is made up of breaths rather than letters, this shows us that all breath comes from him: therefore, let it be used for him. I call us today to join in with all living things in the eternal song. Maybe you are small or big, don’t hold back your praises. What a day will it be when all things in all places come together to glorify the one only living and true God! This will be the final victory of the church of God. Praise the LORD. Once more I say, praise the LORD